O-Level Geography: Mark Scheme for Open-Ended Questions

What are Open-Ended Questions?

  • Longer, more complex and demanding questions.

  • Suitable for multiple demand questions. (E.g. First part you may be asked to briefly describe something, 2nd part of question will require you to assess or evaluate.)

  • Decision making, judgment and evaluation or debate.

  • Question stems or command words used:

  • “How far do you agree…?”,

  • “How far is this true…?”,

  • “How successful …?” ,

  • “How effective..?”

  • “Assess…”,

  • “Evaluate…”

E.g. “The factors which contribute to the formation, speed and direction of monsoon winds and land and sea breezes are the same?” How far do you agree with statement? Give evidence to support your answer.

GCE ‘O’ Level 2016

Where can the question be found in the exam paper?

  • Elective Geography

  • Sections B & C

  • Last part of every question.

  • Pure Geography

  • Paper 1 - Section B

  • Paper 2 – Sections A and B

  • Last part of every question.

How will it be marked?

Each open-ended question will be marked based on 3 levels. Generally, the levels are:

  • Level 1 (0-3m)

  • Answers are generalized (non-specific and without examples).

  • Minimal or no support at all.

  • Reasoning is rather weak and expression may be unclear.

  • Little development, and examples sketchy.

  • Either agree or disagree, with minimal support.

  • Level 2 (4-6m)

  • Disagreement or agreement will be supported by appropriate detail.

  • Or both agreement and disagreement are considered, but support is patchy so that the answer is not full.

  • Good reasoning and logic in parts with good expression is places.

  • Some examples presented to support answers in at least one place in answer.

  • Level 3 (7-8m)

  • Comprehensive and supported by sound knowledge.

  • Both agreement and disagreement are considered and well supported.

  • Reasoning is clear and logical.

  • Good expression of language

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